Southern Medical University, formerly known as First Military Medical University, affiliated to the People’s Liberation Army of China, is an institution of higher learning in Guangzhou, the capital city of Guangdong Province, China. It was founded in 1951 and became a national key university in 1979. Approved by the State Council and the Central Military Commission of the PLA, the university came under the jurisdiction of Guangdong Province in August 2004, whereupon it was renamed Southern Medical University.

Southern Medical University is in the foothills of the picturesque Baiyun Mountain in Guangzhou. The main campus, together with its south campus in the southern suburb of Guangzhou, covers an area of nearly one square kilometer. It has been awarded the first-class garden-like university, for rows of green trees nourish and bouquets of flowers blossom on the campuses all throughout the year.

This university offers courses in Clinical Medicine at the Bachelors and Masters levels, in Western medicine, traditional Chinese medicine, economics and medical-related fields. Students are also taught English at the basic level.

Southern Medical University is recognized by the World Health Organization and by the Medical Council of India.

The university is a rich haven for research and development in the field of medicine.