Nanchang University is a National Key University in Nanchang, Jiangxi, China. It was established in 1940 as National Chung Cheng University. It is a Chinese Ministry of Education Double First Class Discipline University, with Double First Class status in certain disciplines.

The history of Nanchang University traces back to Jiangxi Public Medical School, established in 1921, and National Chung Cheng (or Zhongzheng) University, established in 1940 and named after Chiang Kai-shek, president of the Republic of China.

In 1993, Jiangxi University and Jiangxi Industrial University were merged into Nanchang University. In 1997, Nanchang University was listed among the Top 100 key universities in China. In the year of 2004, the agreement on jointly developing Nanchang University was signed between the Government of Jiangxi Province and the Ministry of Education. NCU entered a new era of reform and development when it merged with Jiangxi Medical College in 2005.

NCU hosts a graduate school and 21 undergraduate schools including colleges of Liberal Arts, Foreign Language Studies, Art and Design, Law, Economics and Management, the Sciences, Life Science, Material Science and Engineering, Environmental Science and Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Architectural Engineering, Computer Engineering, Education, Medicine, and Software. These schools offer 82 undergraduate majors out of 11 academic disciplines including the liberal arts, history, philosophy, economics, management, law, science, engineering, agriculture, education, general medicine, public health, pharmacy, nursing and four clinical schools. These undergraduate programs have an enrollment of approximately 36,000 full-time students.

Although all the schools offer their own graduate programs, these programs belong to a single graduate school administratively. The NCU Graduate School offers 21 Ph.D. programs and 175 master’s degree programs with a graduate student body of about 6,800. In addition, NCU has two post-doctoral programs.

NCU emphasizes the importance of research. In addition to research labs and centers owned by individual schools, NCU owns and operates 26 national and provincial key laboratories and research centers and 56 basic training centers and professional labs.

NCU has a large-scale medical school. Not only does the medical school have a strong research orientation, it has 10 attached hospitals throughout the province. These hospitals accommodate the needs for teaching and internships for students of medicine